Hemp, a type of cannabis plant, contains a lot of powerful organic compounds called cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids. Over 100 of these have been discovered so far, including psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and calming and balancing cannabidiol (CBD) – the current star of the superplant.

CBD is being lauded as the new hero ingredient in an ever-growing number of lifestyle and beauty offerings like the ones from nabino, but when you take a dose from your favourite CBD product, this is usually not the only cannabinoid working away inside your body.

Ground-breaking studies performed in 1995 revealed that this plethora of cannabinoids all interact with receptors in the human endocannabinoid system (ECS), with the potential to deliver unique health benefits to the body. Just a little later, further research showed that each cannabinoid affects the body in different ways.

With this in mind, it’s vital to understand that not all CBD products are made equal. Some are packed with the full range of these superplant cannabinoids, including a low dose of THC and the lesser known CBG (cannabigerol) – parent chemical to THC and CBD. Others omit THC entirely, as well as some isolate specific cannabinoids and terpenes to modify the effects and flavour.

But, as we always say here at nabino, knowledge is power! To get the most out of your CBD oil or preferred CBD product, it helps to know how to determine what is actually in a formulation and how that impacts the effects. Checking the ingredients label can only get you so far in this respect – the way to decode your CBD is by knowing the difference between the indicated full spectrum, broad spectrum, deep spectrum and isolates, and what that means for you.

Full spectrum CBD

If you’re looking for the entourage effect (allowing all cannabis compounds to act synergistically for optimum results) full spectrum CBD is the best choice. The only choice, really! This is the type of CBD product that contains the entire range of cannabinoids extracted from a single cannabis plant.

The fact that full spectrum CBD keeps hold of the superplant’s natural THC is off-putting for some, but it needn’t be. The amount from hemp-derived CBD oil that is available in the UK is so miniscule that it won’t get you stoned.

In fact, it’s so small (less than 0.3%) that it won’t even give you the full well-being benefits of THC and its interaction with the other cannabinoids either. We hope legislation will change in the near future so we are able to bring you full spectrum CBD oil that has been derived from marijuana (0.3% + THC), just like in the us.

Aside from these two well-known phytocannabinoids, full spectrum products also contain CBDA, CBG, CBGA, CBC, CBCA, THCA and THCV among many others, as well as a wonderful variety of fatty acids, flavonoids and terpenes.

Broad spectrum CBD

During the refining process of crafting CBD products it’s possible to remove certain cannabinoids. Broad spectrum CBD is created by removing all traces of psychoactive THC, while still keeping all the other cannabinoids for that all-important synergy.

It’s worth remembering that the low level of THC present in UK CBD products is nowhere near enough to get your even remotely high, but if you would really rather keep thc out of your system, broad spectrum cbd is for you!

CBD isolates

CBD isolate is the purest form of the CBD compound, which has been extracted in such a way that it removes all other compounds (such as fellow cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids). Isolates have a very clean and almost tasteless flavour, so if you struggle with the flavour of other oils, isolate is a great way to get the benefits of CBD. However, you can purchase isolates which have been ‘built’ to include specific compounds while omitting others for specific effects.

Terpenes are particularly popular parts of the plant to add to CBD isolate to create different flavours (or take out that botanical flavour entirely) or to enhance certain well-being benefits.

Deep spectrum CBD

The idea of playing around with the extraction and cultivation of cannabinoids to bring the sorts that are usually in the background, to the forefront, is something that is in the making. The products created from this process are referred to as deep spectrum CBD. Often the full and broad spectrum oils contain a small amount of the range of cannabinoids. Deep spectrum products are either bred to have a dominant compound other than CBD and THC. They can also be added back in from oils extracted in the making of isolate CBD.

This CBD alchemy opens up interesting doors for exploring the well-being benefits of fascinating cannabinoids such as the aforementioned CBG. Numerous studies into this ‘minor cannabinoid’ (present in low levels) and others have shown promise for a wide range of exciting applications.

In time, we look forward to being able to offer you a great selection of deep spectrum products on nabino.com to meet your needs.

Which CBD spectrum is best for you?

Full spectrum CBD = all cannabinoids, including a small amount of THC.

Broad spectrum CBD = all cannabinoids, minus the THC.

CBD isolate = pure cannabidiol or ‘built’ product using specific cannabinoids and terpenes.

Deep spectrum CBD = giving cannabinoids usually in small doses in more concentrated doses.

Only you can answer that question! No one spectrum is better than the other – they all come with their own unique benefits and suit a range of needs and lifestyles. Hopefully our quick guide covering the differences between full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD, CBD isolate and deep spectrum will give you everything you need to make an informed decision, but if you’re still unsure or just want to chat about it further, get in touch! We always love to hear from you.

team nabino

team nabino

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